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A credit score is a summary of your entire credit report information into one 3-digit number between 300 and 850. Credit reporting agencies use a complex mathematical calculation to determine this number by comparing your information to the patterns in thousands of past credit reports. Your credit score provides a lender with a general idea of how likely you are to repay your loan. The higher your score, the more likely you'll be approved for a loan and often higher scores come with lower interest rates and better repayment options.
There are many types of score factors that can have a positive or negative effect on your score. The factors are listed in order of the degree in which they affect your score negatively, meaning that the factor listed first is what has the most effect on your score. Some of the factors that can negatively impact your score are:
Your credit scores are often used as one of the main tools creditors, employers, landlords, insurance and finance companies rely on to determine your creditworthiness. Your score is a quick snapshot that is often used when credit decisions are made quickly. Creditors may also obtain your full credit report, to access more detailed information to aid their decision on your level of risk.
Typically your report is updated monthly; the exact date varies by the different credit reporting agencies. For example, agency A may send out info on the 10th of each month, while agency B sends their info out on the 1st.